Ecology

The Upper Bay including the Minas Basin and Cobequid Bay in the Bay of Fundy host one of the largest shorebird migrations in North America. Every year, in the late summer/early fall, thousands of birds flock to the mudflats of the Bay of Fundy. The record-high daily tides uncover an important food source for these birds on their way to South America. Shrimp and krill are uncovered as the Fundy tides go out, ensuring safe and plentiful feasting for these weary travellers. The estuaries and saltmarshes, along with other coastal wetlands of the upper bay provide safe and important roosting areas for the various species including semipalmated sandpipers and plovers. Some of the areas in the Cliffs of Fundy Geopark are: The Fundy Discovery site on Salmon River, Little Dyke, and Thomas Cove Coastal Reserve. Since the 1970s, when research into this phenomenon began, migratory bird populations have been reduced by half and are steadily declining. It is an event which is recognized by the Nature Conservancy of Canada, and education around the issue hopes to bring awareness to more sustainable human activities during these migratory times. The Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network has designated the Cobequid Bay as a Landscape of Hemispheric Importance.

Mud Piddock are an endangered species, who’s fragile habitat is found among the red mudstone in the upper Bay of Fundy. These clams, also known as “Fallen Angel Wings” are a crucial part of the ecosystem, supporting shorebird populations and other coastal creatures. They live exclusively in the mudstone in the Economy, Five Islands and Burntcoat Head areas of the Cobequid Bay. Human activities have previously overlooked these habitats and efforts are being made to educate locals and visitors about safe practices in these areas.

Various lichens, mushrooms, and wildflowers populate the Acadian forest system that makes up the Cliffs of Fundy Geopark. Important protected areas including Economy Wilderness Area and Portapique Wilderness Area help establish the northern boundary of the Geopark. MacElmon’s Pond is another Wildlife reserve which provides safe nesting for Bald Eagles and Hawks in the area.

The Cliffs of Fundy Geopark ecology varies because the environments here include; coastal areas, estuaries, brackish (where salt water and fresh water meet, such as a river meeting the bay) waters, natural forests, lakes, and farmland. The area is well known for it’s blueberries, honey, and maple agriculture.

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𝐑𝐢𝐭𝐚 𝐉𝐨𝐞 𝐇𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐃𝐚𝐲 𝟐𝟎𝟐𝟑 𝐡𝐨𝐧𝐨𝐫𝐞𝐞The Mi'kmaw poet from Eskasoni & We'koqma'q First Nations in Unamaki, Rita Joe, is Nova Scotia`s honoree for Heritage Day 2023. Born in 1932 and died in 2007, Rita Joe published her first collection of poetry in 1978 before going on to publish 6 more works and earn many honours.Heritage Day is celebrated on the third Monday in February each year. ℹ️ heritageday.novascotia.ca/content/2023-honouree-rita-joe ℹ️ www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/rita-joe ... See MoreSee Less
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Recognize these Geopark signs? The Cliffs of Fundy is currently seeking proposals for a wayfinding signage plan. If this is something you or anyone you know has experience in, click the link below or check out the News Page under the about tab on fundygeopark.ca to download the Request for Proposal and supporting documents! fundygeopark.ca/2023/01/23/wayfinding-signage-rfp/Photo courtesy of Tourism NS ... See MoreSee Less
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Welcome Sacha Brake, our new Director!Originally from Newfoundland, Sacha has always been fascinated by the ocean and feels at home on any coastline. She has lived in Nova Scotia for the better part of her life and has called Truro home for the last decade. With a passion for asset based community development, farmers market pastries and a good cup of tea, Sacha has spent much of her working life in roles that support the growth of individuals, communities and businesses in our region. Whether through personal study, one on one conversation or group workshops and presentations she thrives on learning and knowledge sharing. She studied Theatre and has a Bachelor of Fine Art from Memorial University of Newfoundland and carries her creativity, positive attitude and drive for learning and community connection into every aspect of her life. Sacha believes in the immense power of storytelling, sharing your knowledge and experience with others to better understand what we've come from and where we are going. Always a beachgoer and avid stay-cationer, Sacha opened her horizons a few summers ago exploring the Fundy shore and after making friends with her first hermit crab, she was hooked. She is excited to do all she can to support the continued growth and development of the Geopark and to promote and share our rich geological and cultural history. ... See MoreSee Less
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What is a Geopark?

A Geopark is a designation that attracts tourists wishing to explore the connections between geology, local communities, culture, and nature. Geoparks are designed to promote tourism and celebrate a region’s uniqueness, and do not prohibit any land use.