Ecology

The Upper Bay including the Minas Basin and Cobequid Bay in the Bay of Fundy host one of the largest shorebird migrations in North America. Every year, in the late summer/early fall, thousands of birds flock to the mudflats of the Bay of Fundy. The record-high daily tides uncover an important food source for these birds on their way to South America. Shrimp and krill are uncovered as the Fundy tides go out, ensuring safe and plentiful feasting for these weary travellers. The estuaries and saltmarshes, along with other coastal wetlands of the upper bay provide safe and important roosting areas for the various species including semipalmated sandpipers and plovers. Some of the areas in the Cliffs of Fundy Geopark are: The Fundy Discovery site on Salmon River, Little Dyke, and Thomas Cove Coastal Reserve. Since the 1970s, when research into this phenomenon began, migratory bird populations have been reduced by half and are steadily declining. It is an event which is recognized by the Nature Conservancy of Canada, and education around the issue hopes to bring awareness to more sustainable human activities during these migratory times. The Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network has designated the Cobequid Bay as a Landscape of Hemispheric Importance.

Mud Piddock are an endangered species, who’s fragile habitat is found among the red mudstone in the upper Bay of Fundy. These clams, also known as “Fallen Angel Wings” are a crucial part of the ecosystem, supporting shorebird populations and other coastal creatures. They live exclusively in the mudstone in the Economy, Five Islands and Burntcoat Head areas of the Cobequid Bay. Human activities have previously overlooked these habitats and efforts are being made to educate locals and visitors about safe practices in these areas.

Various lichens, mushrooms, and wildflowers populate the Acadian forest system that makes up the Cliffs of Fundy Geopark. Important protected areas including Economy Wilderness Area and Portapique Wilderness Area help establish the northern boundary of the Geopark. MacElmon’s Pond is another Wildlife reserve which provides safe nesting for Bald Eagles and Hawks in the area.

The Cliffs of Fundy Geopark ecology varies because the environments here include; coastal areas, estuaries, brackish (where salt water and fresh water meet, such as a river meeting the bay) waters, natural forests, lakes, and farmland. The area is well known for it’s blueberries, honey, and maple agriculture.

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The Plein Air festival is in full swing in the Geopark! come see international artists interpret our wonderful land and seascapes ❤️ ... See MoreSee Less
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Art inspired by land and seascape: the essence of a Global Geopark! ... See MoreSee Less
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Now you know!Happy Summer Solstice! Cape d’Or is the best spot around to watch both sunrises and sunsets 🌞 ... See MoreSee Less
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June 21st has been declared National Indigenous Peoples Day. The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups, First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples as Aboriginal peoples — also known as Indigenous peoples. Although these groups share many similarities, they each have their own distinct heritage, language, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs. To help Canadians understand these three groups a little better, the Government of Canada has created an index of resources about different groups. To explore some history, languages, cultures, and experiences of Indigenous Peoples across Canada, please visit: www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1621447127773/1621447157184 June is National Indigenous History Month, a time for all Canadians and people visiting Canada to reflect on the histories that cultured our lives here today. Indigenous histories should be told by indigenous voices, which is only a small part of Truth and Reconciliation. We believe in the incredible work that is being done by Indigenous organizations, Elders, artists, and researchers. One of these projects which has been underway in this area where we are [Sipekne'katik, Mi’kmaki] is the Mi’kmawey Debert Cultural Center which stemmed from the findings at Debert Archaeological site. The Mi’kmawey Debert Cultural Center has a beautiful video which recounts the story through the Elders Advisory Committee of Mi’kmawey Debert (@mikmaweydebert). vimeo.com/424739728?embedded=true&source=vimeo_logo&owner=20917133#at=126 Their website is a mecca of information, and their use of video storytelling keeps us listening, learning and relearning the places around us.Some incredible news regarding Mi’kmaw artifacts being returned to NS:www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/collection-mikmaw-artifacts-coming-home-museum-1.6475354#:~:te...'kmaw,'kma'ki%20by%202025This artwork is one of our favorites: Kluskap makes an amethyst necklace for his grandmother, at Wa’soq [also known as Partridge Island] by artist Gerald Gloade. You can visit the site with him at www.mikmaweydebert.ca/ancestors-live-here/partridge-island/wasoq/ #IndigenousHistoryMonth #IndigenousPeoplesDay #FirstNations #Métis #Inuit #NIHM2022 #mikmaweydebert ... See MoreSee Less
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Coming to the Cliffs of Fundy!Hello, summer! Here we come, Five Islands seaside! ☀️🌊For just a few hours, on just a few days of the year, the tides are low enough in this area of the Minas Basin to run the ocean floor. If you're up for an adventure this summer, come race the tides in this 'run for your life' event on August 14!For more information or to register, visit www.notsincemoses.ca/ ... See MoreSee Less
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What is a Geopark?

A Geopark is a designation that attracts tourists wishing to explore the connections between geology, local communities, culture, and nature. Geoparks are designed to promote tourism and celebrate a region’s uniqueness, and do not prohibit any land use.